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        您當前所在位置:首頁園林資訊建筑參數化設計的簡介

        建筑參數化設計的簡介

        發布時間:2023-05-22 12:42:06編輯:Anita歸類:園林資訊

        一、建筑參數化設計的簡介

        該方法的核心思想是,把建筑設計的全要素都變成某個函數的變量,通過改變函數,或者說改變算法,人們能夠獲得不同的建筑設計方案,簡單理解為一種可以通過計算機技術自動生成設計方案的方法。標準的英語表達是:Parametric Design is designing by numbers.(Prof.Herr from ShenZhen University)

        耳熟能詳的各種建模軟件如sketchup、犀牛、Bonzai3d、3dmax 和計算機輔助工具revit 、archicad 這些所謂的BIM,都屬于“參數化輔助設計”的范疇,即使用某種工具改善工作流程的工具;這些雖能提高協同效率、減少錯誤、或實現較為復雜的建筑形體,但卻不是真正的參數化設計。真正的參數化設計是一個選擇參數建立程序、將建筑設計問題轉變為邏輯推理問題的方法,它用理性思維替代主觀想象進行設計,它將設計師的工作從“個性揮灑”推向“有據可依”;它使人重新認識設計的規則,并大大提高運算量;它與建筑形態的美學結果無關,轉而探討思考推理的過程。

        建筑包括“功能”和“形式”兩個大的領域。功能之間的相互作用,國內研究得很多。本科生大概都讀過彭一剛寫的《建筑空間組合論》。這種建筑空間的組合,實質上是 “功能空間”的組合,蘊含著一定的邏輯關系。如果從參數化設計的角度來看,這就已經具備可操作性了。我們可以把一個一個的功能空間定義出來,再把它們之間的邏輯關系定義出來,那么,在符合邏輯關系的條件下,功能空間有多少種組合方法?通過各種參數化設計的軟件,我們能夠得到許多種答案。但這還沒完。

        Parametric Design can provide us a lot of shapes, but you still need to choose from them.參數化設計可以給你提供許多種復合條件的形式,接下去,你必須進行選擇。要么人工選擇,要么就再增加新的參數進去,從而逐漸推導出所有條件都滿足的那個形式。

        說到形式,建筑設計領域還涉及的一個美學的問題。美學問題一方面涉及到傳統,另一方面涉及到個人的主觀感受,是很難“參數化”的。而參數化設計的終極目標是全要素參數化,堅持朝這個方向努力。

        國內的建筑項目,絕大部分遵循先功能后形式的思路,也就是“形式追隨功能”的思路,建筑的格局都定了,最后裝點一下門面。建筑設計院就像一個個自動售貨機,你把建筑用地的條件圖和設計費塞進去,它自動吐出來建筑方案。因為容積率等技術經濟指標是政府和開發商都已經定好了的,滿足了日照標準之后,建筑方案只有很少的幾種可能性。不同設計院給出的方案大同小異。如果你拿一本介紹樓盤的書來看,就有這個體會。在容積率和日照條件控制下的參數化設計,就是這個樣子。

        當然,這是一種病態,是低水平的參數化。參數化設計的根本目的在于,用新的軟件工程方法來延伸人的思維,讓我們有更多的選擇的可能。參數化設計的前景之所以被看好,就是因為,所有的變量都是有變化范圍的。如果設計師判斷,建筑方案哪里有點不舒服,那么他不是直接去修改方案,而是去調節參數。經過新一輪的計算,建筑方案會取得改善。這就觸及到建筑空間的生成的較為本質性的問題了。

        在實際工程的應用中,能見得到的案例,基本上是用參數化軟件來做建筑立面。但是經常遇到的問題是,控制得不夠精細,弄得大面上看著馬馬虎虎,細節總有違背常理之處。這主要是由于軟件不熟造成的吧。隨著時間推移,逐漸會改善。我認為在城市規劃、區域規劃等領域,參數化設計可能更有發揮的空間。

        二、什么叫做參數化、變量化設計

        我的理解是:

        參數化是以全尺寸約束、全數據相關為特征的,這種形式的建模是通過尺寸來驅動設計的。

        由于參數化的全尺寸約束會干擾和制約設計者的創造力及想象力的發揮,因此隨后產生的變量化技術是一直比參數化技術更為先進的實體造型技術

        而變量化技術在造型的過程中允許欠約束的存在,給設計者以更大的自主性和發揮想象力的空間

        上述是我自己的一點心得,僅供參考。

        變量化VGX的全稱為variational

        Geometry

        Extended,即超變量化幾何,它是由SDRC公司獨家推出的一種CAD軟件的核心技術,我們在進行機械設計和工藝設計時,總是希望零部件能夠讓我們隨心所欲地構建,可以隨意拆卸,能夠讓我們在平面的顯示器上,構造出三維立體的設計作品,而且希望保留每一個中間結果,以備反復設計和優化設計時使用,VGX實現的就是這樣一種思想。

        參數化設計(Parametric)設計(也叫尺寸驅動Dimension-Driven)是CAD技術在實際應用中提出的課題,它不僅可使CAD系統具有交互式繪圖功能,還具有自動繪圖的功能。

        三、請高手翻譯下英文

        自我簡介

        本人接受正規的美術設計教育,具有良好的美術功底及藝 術修養,思想政治良好,積極參加學校的各項活動,關心 集體,熱愛同學,尊敬師長,熱愛學習,努力進取,積極向 上,有良好的實踐能力,能夠根據公司的需要進行設計制 作,熟練掌握多種電腦制作軟件,如AUTOCAD、SketchUp、 Photoshop、Core;draw等圖形設計軟件,能夠高效率地完成 工作,有敏銳的洞察力,具有良好的溝通能力。性格開朗、 思維活躍、富有創作力,具有良好的團隊意識,對工作具有 良好的責任心,喜歡挑戰,適應能力強。 求職意向 希望從事教育、景觀設計、室內外設計行業將所學知識回 報社會,并不斷學習更多社會經驗,不斷提高自己

        Self-Introduction

        I accept the formal art and design education, has a good foundation of art and artistic accomplishment, ideological and political good, and actively participate in the activities of schools, care for the collective, the students love, respect teachers, love learning, and strive to forge ahead, positive, and a good practical ability, according to the company's need for design, master a wide range of computer software, such as AUTOCAD, SketchUp, Photoshop, Core; draw, such as graphic design software, able to efficiently complete the work, keen insight and good communication skills. And good humor, thinking active, rich creativity, the team has a good sense of the work has a good sense of responsibility, like challenges, and adaptable. Job-seekers wishing to engage the intention of education, landscape design, interior design industry will be outside the knowledge back to society, and continue to learn more social experience, and continuously improve their

        尊敬的領導:

        您好!

        我是環境藝術設計專業的一名05級應屆本科畢業生,通過四年的學習尤其是兩年的 專業課學習,我認為自己已基本掌握了室內外設計的一些基本知識,在校期間,我的總 成績排在班中第五名的位置,各門功課都很優秀,獲得過兩次獎學金,雖然知識小小的 獎學金,但是這是對我學習階段的一種肯定,我還利用課余時間,認真學習教育學和 心理學,并且通過了全國計算機1級考試,大學英語3級考試,和公共英語3級考試,還獲得普通話二級乙等考試證書我想這是自己勤奮學習、好學并且刻苦努力的結果。

        本專業所學的專業課程有:傳統圖案設計、計算機輔助設計、設計造型基礎、中外 美術簡史、構成基礎、計算機技術基礎、攝影基礎、設計概論、工藝美術史、環境藝術 設計基礎Ⅰ、建筑初步、環境藝術設計基礎Ⅱ、人體工程學、室內設計Ⅰ、陶藝、公共 空間與展示設計、設計管理、室內設計家具設計、園林初步、城市景觀設計、獨立住宅 設計、小區景觀設計、版面設計。

        在2007年7月――2007年9月在浙江省xxxxx建筑工程集團的室內設計部門實習, 1.參與xxxxx室內設計; 2。參與投標方案的前期制作,中標后的方案輔助設計; 3.參與xxxxx村委辦公樓室內設計; 4.大樣圖制作; 5.效果圖分類; 6其他輔助設計。 雖然實習時間不長,但是學到了很多,也為今后的實際工作奠定了實踐性基礎。請 給予我一個機會,運用我所學的知識為貴公司服務,回報于社會。

        Dear leaders:

        Hello!

        I am a professional art and design environment, a 05 graduates this year, through four years of study in particular the two-year courses to learn, I think they have a basic grasp of the indoor and outdoor design of some basic knowledge, in-school period, my total score ranked fifth in class location, the subjects were excellent, received two scholarships, while knowledge of small scholarships, but this is a learning stage and I certainly, I also use after school hours, conscientiously study education and psychology, and the adoption of a national computer examinations, college English 3 exams, and public English 3 exams, also received two B Putonghua examination certificate I think this is their own to study diligently, studious and hard the result of the efforts.

        What we learned in the professional courses are: the traditional graphic design, computer-aided design, design modeling foundation, A Brief History of Chinese and foreign art, which constitute the basis for the foundation of computer technology, photography, the basis for the design of Studies, the history of arts and crafts, environmental art and design based on Ⅰ, construction Preliminary, environmental art and design based on Ⅱ, ergonomics, interior design Ⅰ, ceramic art, public space and display design, design management, interior design, furniture design, landscape preliminary, urban landscape design, independent of residential design, residential landscape design, layout.

        In 2007, 7 months - in September 2007 in Zhejiang province xxxxx Group's interior design construction sector internship, 1. Participation xxxxx interior design; 2. To participate in the bidding program of pre-production, the successful tenderer after the program aided design; 3. To participate in the village committee office interior design xxxxx; 4. The production of large samples; 5. The effect of map classification; 6 other aided design. Although the practice is not long, but learned a lot, but also for the future the actual work of laying the practical foundation. Please give me an opportunity to use my knowledge to your company services, return to the society.

        Self-Introduction

        I accept the formal art and design education, has a good foundation of art and artistic accomplishment, ideological and political good, and actively participate in the activities of schools, care for the collective, the students love, respect teachers, love learning, and strive to forge ahead, positive, and a good practical ability, according to the company's need for design, master a wide range of computer software, such as AUTOCAD, SketchUp, Photoshop, Core; draw, such as graphic design software, able to efficiently complete the work, keen insight and good communication skills. And good humor, thinking active, rich creativity, the team has a good sense of the work has a good sense of responsibility, like challenges, and adaptable. Job-seekers wishing to engage the intention of education, landscape design, interior design industry will be outside the knowledge back to society, and continue to learn more social experience, and continuously improve their

        Dear leaders:

        Hello!

        I am a professional art and design environment, a 05 graduates this year, through four years of study in particular the two-year courses to learn, I think they have a basic grasp of the indoor and outdoor design of some basic knowledge, in-school period, my total score ranked fifth in class location, the subjects were excellent, received two scholarships, while knowledge of small scholarships, but this is a learning stage and I certainly, I also use after school hours, conscientiously study education and psychology, and the adoption of a national computer examinations, college English 3 exams, and public English 3 exams, also received two B Putonghua examination certificate I think this is their own to study diligently, studious and hard the result of the efforts.

        What we learned in the professional courses are: the traditional graphic design, computer-aided design, design modeling foundation, A Brief History of Chinese and foreign art, which constitute the basis for the foundation of computer technology, photography, the basis for the design of Studies, the history of arts and crafts, environmental art and design based on Ⅰ, construction Preliminary, environmental art and design based on Ⅱ, ergonomics, interior design Ⅰ, ceramic art, public space and display design, design management, interior design, furniture design, landscape preliminary, urban landscape design, independent of residential design, residential landscape design, layout.

        In 2007, 7 months - in September 2007 in Zhejiang province xxxxx Group's interior design construction sector internship, 1. Participation xxxxx interior design; 2. To participate in the bidding program of pre-production, the successful tenderer after the program aided design; 3. To participate in the village committee office interior design xxxxx; 4. The production of large samples; 5. The effect of map classification; 6 other aided design. Although the practice is not long, but learned a lot, but also for the future the actual work of laying the practical foundation. Please give me an opportunity to use my knowledge to your company services, return to the society.

        ===========================================

        記得賞分呀

        這么長啊,分這么少啊~~~

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